Building Materials – Steel and ConcreteThere are several materials used in all types of construction ranging from timber, brick, fibre, mortar, wood, textiles and more. Here we will be focusing on the two core building materials that dominate most construction projects, namely steel and concrete. Both materials are widely used owing to their characteristics. Let’s delve deeper into the differences between steel and concrete.
- Concrete – The second most used material for construction is concrete. It is preferred for its durability and its ability to mould itself into any shape. Concrete as a material is able to withstand compressive stresses but not tensile stresses and is perfect for buildings with high tension loads. Concrete mixers or cement machines are used to make concrete. The advantage of using concrete for construction is that the raw materials – namely water and cement are cheap. It’s also capable of withstanding high-level tension forces and has high compressive strength. Along with these benefits however, there are some downsides to using this material, the primary one being concrete’s susceptibility to cracks and its inability to deliver in seismic zones.
- Steel – This material is slowly but positively gaining popularity in construction projects. Steel is the ‘skeleton’ that gives shape to structures. Steel has high tensile quality and is often used along with concrete to strengthen structures. This material is durable, strong and malleable, making it ideal for most construction activities. The advantages of using steel include its lightness and high strength. It’s also less time consuming to erect steel structures. Along with this, steel is easier to transport and handle. So, if you procure steel directly from iron ore companies, you can easily transport it to the construction site. With these benefits, one should keep in mind that using steel requires the expertise of skilled labour and steel is susceptible to corrosion if not stored in dry areas.
Sariya Vs. Concrete- Which Ensures Strength?
TMT bars or Sariya, as they are locally known, are made of steel and iron ore. Concrete, on the other hand, is made of cement and water. While we have discussed the differences between the two materials, you must have questions about which material is better for construction. Well, on the basis of strength, both steel and concrete can be foundations for strong buildings. While the type of strength varies, both steel and concrete ensure safety and strength. As opposed to choosing either TMT bars or concrete, you can choose both. Concrete is often reinforced with steel TMT bars, which further strengthen the concrete. This way, you can benefit from the strength of both materials.