India is amongst the top 5 countries in iron ore pelletisation capacity. Palletizing is a process of converting very fine iron ore into uniform sized pellets, very convenient and fit for use in blast furnace and direct reduction furnace. Indian pellet manufacturing industries can be classified into two major categories.
- Pellet manufacturing for captive use
- Pellet manufacturing for merchant sell
Pellets are the small spherical shaped iron ore balls used for the production of steel and later used in the construction of bridges, cars, planes, bicycle, etc. These have good physical properties for both bulk, mechanical transportation over long distances. The pellets consist of excellent metallurgical properties similar to or even better than lump ore. These are classified amongst a few of the essential raw materials, especially for all types of iron making units. They are derived from the technology that uses the powder that is generated during the ore extraction process, once considered waste.
As per the Pellet Manufacturers Association of India, the Pellets industry started in India during the time in the 1960s with a Pellet plant in Goa. Subsequently, a PSU set up the first 3 MTPA large scale pellet plant in Mangalore in 1987. The Government of India gave a big fillip to the Pellet industry with a view towards the conservation of iron ore resources by giving incentives in the form of some policy recommendations.
The Uses Of Pellet
The raw materials for iron making are affordable and of high quality and but are decreasing on a global scale. With the passage of time, significant changes and valuable technological advances in the domestic iron ore market and given the increasing uncertainties in the global steel market, India’s iron ore export has taken a hit. For this reason, a substantial number of iron and steel producers are looking forward to increase the portion of pellets in their production operations. The fluctuating prices on the world market are seriously affecting cost-efficient ironmaking.
The pellets are used as raw materials for iron making in the plants as an alternative material. They are a preferred choice of material over sinter and lump ore for their excellent designed metallurgical properties, shape, size, and strength in blast furnaces. The use of pellets resulted in increasing the productivity of the ironmaking units without any capital investment.
As per a famous report, pelletisation has emerged as an independent economic activity and is being increasingly held as a viable one. What started out as an exploration with time has now turned out to be nothing short of a trend. Pellet became a key feed material in the production of iron and steel in the domestic market. Its importance has made it essential to assess the market trends in this emerging but niche segment in terms of the spread of the Indian Iron Ore Pellet Industry.
Sree Metaliks Limited is a leading iron ore pellets manufacturer in India with innovative techniques and vast exposure. We produce various grades of iron ore pellets. Our iron ore pellet process helps save energy because of excellent heat recuperation and a lower drop in pressure of gases. With an extensive and well-equipped manufacturing plant at the Anra Pellet Plant in the Keonjhar district, we are the best iron mining company in the region, producing the best iron ore pellets.